genetics http://news.stlpublicradio.org en Whole Genome Sequencing Is Here To Stay. What Does That Mean For Genetic Privacy? http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/whole-genome-sequencing-here-stay-what-does-mean-genetic-privacy <p><em>Originally published on Wednesday, February 26, 2014. Updated to include audio from St. Louis on the Air.</em></p> Tue, 04 Mar 2014 20:17:32 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 34000 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Whole Genome Sequencing Is Here To Stay. What Does That Mean For Genetic Privacy? Natural DNA Cannot Be Patented, Supreme Court Rules http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/natural-dna-cannot-be-patented-supreme-court-rules In a decision that could have broad-reaching effects on the future of science and medicine, the Supreme Court <a href="http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/12pdf/12-398_8njq.pdf" target="_blank">ruled Thursday</a> that:<p>-- "A naturally occurring DNA segment is a product of nature and not patent eligible merely because it has been isolated."<p>-- But, synthetically created "strands of nucleotides known as composite DNA (cDNA)" are "patent eligible" because they do not occur naturally.<p>The case, <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/04/15/177035299/supreme-court-asks-can-human-genes- Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:04 +0000 Mark Memmott 27336 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Genetics Counseling For Cancer And The Decision To Have Preventive Surgery http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/genetics-counseling-cancer-and-decision-have-preventive-surgery <p>Cancer is cruel and it impacts the lives of far too many people and their families.&nbsp; According to the World Health Organization, breast cancer kills 458,000 people each year.</p><p>Recently, actress and director Angelina Jolie, in a <em>New York Times</em> op-ed entitled <em>My Medical Choice</em>, announced she received a double mastectomy in order to minimize her risk of getting breast cancer.</p><p>Jolie has a genetic predisposition to breast cancer.&nbsp; Her mom died from the disease at the age of 56.</p> Tue, 21 May 2013 18:57:14 +0000 Alex Heuer, Mary Edwards & Don Marsh 26600 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Genetics Counseling For Cancer And The Decision To Have Preventive Surgery Wash U Maps Genomes Of Two Major Cancers, Could Impact Treatment http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/wash-u-maps-genomes-two-major-cancers-could-impact-treatment <p></p><p>In separate studies both published today, researchers at Washington University mapped the genomes of two types of cancer: endometrial cancer, and acute myeloid leukemia.</p><p>Both studies are part of <a href="http://www.genome.gov/17516564">The Cancer Genome Atlas</a> project, an effort funded by the National Institutes of Health to study the genetic basis of 20 major human cancers.</p> Wed, 01 May 2013 17:02:18 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 25957 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Wash U Maps Genomes Of Two Major Cancers, Could Impact Treatment International Consortium Sequences 1000 Human Genomes http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/international-consortium-sequences-1000-human-genomes <p>An international consortium of researchers has sequenced the genomes of more than 1000 people, creating the largest catalog yet of human genetic variation.<br><br>Richard Wilson directs the <a href="http://genome.wustl.edu/">Washington University Genome Institute</a>, one of four major research institutions involved in the <a href="http://www.1000genomes.org/">1000 Genomes Project</a>.<br><br>He says researchers identified rare genetic variants that may eventually explain why some people are more susceptible to certain diseases like cancer or Alzheimer’s.<br> Wed, 31 Oct 2012 22:55:43 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 5983 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org International Consortium Sequences 1000 Human Genomes Federal Commission Calls For Stronger Protections For Human Genome Data http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/federal-commission-calls-stronger-protections-human-genome-data <p>A federal panel is calling for stronger privacy protections for human genetic data.<br><br>In <a href="http://www.bioethics.gov/cms/node/764">a report out today</a>, the <a href="http://www.bioethics.gov/">Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues</a> said “whole genome sequencing” — which provides a unique blueprint of each person’s DNA —&nbsp; holds great promise for advancing <a href="http://www.genome.gov/">medical research</a> and clinical care.<br><br>But the Commission said genetic data can also be misused and need to be adequately protected.<br> Thu, 11 Oct 2012 22:50:31 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 5301 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Federal Commission Calls For Stronger Protections For Human Genome Data New study suggests the key to treating cancer may lie in its genetics http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/new-study-suggests-key-treating-cancer-may-lie-its-genetics <p>New genetic research on lung cancer may help open the door to more targeted cancer treatments.</p><p><a href="http://cancergenome.nih.gov/">A national consortium of scientists</a> has mapped and analyzed genetic mutations in <a href="http://cancergenome.nih.gov/cancersselected/lungsquamouscell">squamous cell carcinoma</a>, a common type of lung cancer.</p> Sun, 09 Sep 2012 17:00:01 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 4543 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org New study suggests the key to treating cancer may lie in its genetics Unwinding the helix: using genetics to treat childhood cancer http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/unwinding-helix-using-genetics-treat-childhood-cancer <p><a href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/childhoodleukemia.html">Pediatric leukemia</a> is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. There are about 3,000 new cases in the United States every year, typically in children between the ages of four and six.</p><p>With treatment, about three-quarters of affected children are able to beat the disease.</p><p>But for those with what&rsquo;s known as &ldquo;high risk&rdquo; leukemia, the odds of survival are much worse.</p><p>Washington University pediatric oncologist <a href="http://druleylab.wustl.edu/">Dr. Todd Druley</a> has been trying to use genetics to understand why some leukemia is so hard to treat. He spoke with St. Louis Public Radio&#39;s Véronique LaCapra.</p><p> Mon, 16 Jul 2012 11:43:02 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 4117 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Unwinding the helix: using genetics to treat childhood cancer Local researcher awarded $1.3 million to study corn genetics http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/local-researcher-awarded-13-million-study-corn-genetics <p>The <a href="http://www.nsf.gov/index.jsp">National Science Foundation</a> has awarded a local researcher $1.3 million to study the genetics of how corn plants take up nutrients.</p><p>The ultimate goal is to reduce the amount of fertilizer needed to grow the ubiquitous crop.</p><p><a href="http://www.danforthcenter.org/science/laboratories/Ivan_Baxter/">Ivan Baxter</a>, a U.S. Department of Agriculture research scientist and assistant member at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, will lead the research.</p> Wed, 25 Jan 2012 18:54:19 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 2939 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Local researcher awarded $1.3 million to study corn genetics Researchers sequence genome of endangered orangutans http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/researchers-sequence-genome-endangered-orangutans <p>An international team of researchers has sequenced the genomes of two species of orangutan.</p><p>Lead researcher <a href="http://genome.wustl.edu/people/locke_devin">Devin Locke</a> of the <a href="http://genome.wustl.edu/">Genome Center at Washington University</a> said a primary motivation for studying the genes of orangutans is their close evolutionary relationship to humans.</p><p>“The lessons you learn from studying these species can be applied to understanding of our own evolution and the evolution of the human population as well,” Locke said.</p> Wed, 26 Jan 2011 18:33:12 +0000 Véronique LaCapra 391 at http://news.stlpublicradio.org Researchers sequence genome of endangered orangutans