A federal civil rights investigation of the Ferguson police force has concluded that the department violated the Constitution when it policed to raise money and with a racial bias toward African Americans, according to a law enforcement official familiar with the report.
The investigation, the source says, concluded that black people were disproportionately targeted by the police and the justice system, which has led to a lack of trust in police and courts and to few partnerships for public safety.
The federal probe was launched last September, as the community was still reeling from the case of Michael Brown, an 18-year-old unarmed black man who was shot and killed by Darren Wilson, a white police officer. The case led to days of violent protests; eventually, a grand jury declined to charge Wilson with a crime.
The full report was scheduled to be released on Wednesday, but the source described two emails included in the report that were exchanged between police and local court employees.
One said President Barack Obama would not be in office for long because "what black man holds a steady job for four years." Another said a black woman in New Orleans was admitted to a hospital to end her pregnancy and then got a check two weeks later from "Crime Stoppers."
As for data, the report found that black people were disproportionately targeted by the police and the justice system.
Blacks make up 67 percent of the population in Ferguson. But they make up 85 percent of people subject to vehicle stops and 93 percent of those arrested. Blacks are twice as likely to be searched as whites, but less likely to have drugs or weapons.
The report found that 88 percent of times in which Ferguson police used force it was against blacks and all 14 cases of police dog bites involved blacks.
The report uncovered similar statistics in the courts system.
Blacks were 68 percent less likely to have cases dismissed by Ferguson municipal judges and disproportionately likely to be subject to arrest warrants. From October 2012 to October 2014, 96 percent of people arrested in traffic stops solely for an outstanding warrant were black.
Blacks accounted for 95 percent of jaywalking charges, 94 percent of failure-to-comply charges and 92 percent of all disturbing-the-peace charges.
The Washington Post reported more details from the report: "For example, from 2011 to 2013, African Americans accounted for 95 percent of all 'Manner of Walking in Roadway' charges, 94 percent of all 'Failure to Comply' charges, and 92 percent of all 'Peace Disturbance charges,' the review found." The objectionable email about Obama was from November 2008, the Post reported.