Updated to reflect new information released by the FDA and CDC on Friday, Dec. 30.
A joint statement released Friday by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says their investigation has found no evidence linking four recent cases of Cronobacter infection in infants to Enfamil or any other infant formula.
According to the statement, there is no evidence that four recent cases of Cronobacter infection in infants in four states - Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and Oklahoma - are related. The infants in Missouri and Florida died as a result of their infection, while the infants in Illinois and Oklahoma have survived.
The statement says there is no need for a recall of infant formula and that parents may continue to use powdered infant formula following the manufacturer’s directions on the printed label.
The ongoing investigation includes laboratory testing of various types of infant formula, the water used in preparing the formula, and when available, clinical samples from the infants.
More from Friday's FDA-CDC statement:
"The ongoing investigation includes laboratory testing of various types and brands of powdered infant formula, nursery water and, when available, clinical samples from the infants. The investigation also includes the inspection of manufacturing facilities for infant formula and nursery water.
The following results have been confirmed from completed laboratory tests, although additional lab results are pending release:
CDC’s laboratory conducted DNA fingerprinting of the bacteria from two recent cases of Cronobacter infection in infants (Missouri and Illinois). The results show that the Cronobacter bacteria differ genetically, suggesting that they are not related. (Bacteria from cases in Oklahoma and Florida are not available for analysis.)
CDC laboratory tests of samples provided by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services found Cronobacter bacteria in an opened container of infant formula, an opened bottle of nursery water and prepared infant formula. It is unclear how the contamination occurred.
The FDA tested factory sealed containers of powdered infant formula and nursery water with the same lot numbers as the opened containers collected from Missouri and no Cronobacter bacteria were found."
The rule will require Ameren and other electricity companies to reduce emissions of toxic pollutants like mercury and arsenic, which can cause developmental effects, cancer, asthma, and other serious health problems.
Gavins Point Dam in South Dakota releases 150,000 cubic feet per second of water June 14, 2011. Releases from the dam and others in the area were slowed to try to help with flooding of the Missouri River.
Ted Mathys, state advocate for Environment Missouri (at podium) and other environmentalists urged the National Park Service to protect the Current River in Missouri during a press conference at St. Louis' City Hall on Dec. 13, 2011.
Credit (Véronique LaCapra/St. Louis Public Radio)
Canoes float down the Current River.
Credit (Greg Iffrig/L-A-D Foundation)
Horseback riding is a popular activity in the Ozarks, but horses' waste has been linked to high E. coli levels in the Jacks Fork, the main tributary of the Current River.
Credit (Mark Morgan/University of Missouri)
Heavy use by ATVs and other vehicles has eroded access trails along the Current River.
A map from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showing the number of persons who were infected with the strain of E. coli in the recent outbreak of illness in Missouri and nine other states.
Credit (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website)
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has announced that romaine lettuce was the source of the E. coli outbreak that sickened a total of 60 people in ten states earlier this fall.
Thirty-seven of those infected were in Missouri.
On its website, the CDC says the lettuce came from salad bars from a single grocery store chain but did not report the name of the chain. Schnucks management has confirmed that it is the chain in question.
Tomorrow Mayor Francis Slay will kick off St. Louis' first "Sustainability Summit." The goal of the summit is to get public input on how to boost the economy, improve quality of life, and protect the environment.
St. Louis sustainability director Catherine Werner says the summit will include an invitation-only technical session, but evening sessions will be open to the public.
That includes tomorrow's kick-off and a working session on Wednesday led by environmental justice advocate Majora Carter.