Teacher pay increase in Missouri’s budget isn't sustainable, according to educators
A new grant program to raise minimum teacher salaries in Missouri is headed to Gov. Mike Parson’s desk, but education leaders say it’s only a temporary solution.
The minimum salary for Missouri teachers is currently $25,000, but if the governor signs the budget bill that includes the raise, an optional grant program could increase starting salaries to $38,000 in public school districts that participate.
The program would fund 70% of the cost of the raise, with the remaining 30% paid for by the districts. But the grants are only for next year, and the legislature will have to decide whether it will appropriate the funding again for fiscal 2024.
This does not change the current $25,000 minimum teacher salary, which is written in state law and hasn’t been updated since 2005.
The grant could apply to a lot of Missouri teachers — more than 90% of school districts and charters in the state have at least one staff member who makes less than $38,000. It would potentially cover about 14% of educators statewide, according to an estimate from St. Louis University’s Policy Research in Missouri Education Center.
“That's a fairly large group of teachers,” said Cameron Anglum, an assistant professor of education policy and equity at SLU. “Having that low of a salary makes it really tough for school districts to hire new teachers and fill some of these gaps that they have in their staffing.”
Because the funding is not permanent, some school districts are not making long-term promises to teachers.
In the Warren County School District west of Wentzville, teacher pay is one of the district’s biggest challenges, said Superintendent Gregg Klinginsmith. The district moved to a four-day week in recent years, mainly to try to address teacher retention. It also had to cancel its French class at the high school because it couldn’t find a teacher for next year.
A few levels of starting teachers make less than $38,000 in the district, so next year they’ll see a raise through the program, but it won’t be permanent.
“We believe this to be one-time money, and so we don't believe this is something that's going to be sustainable over the long term,” Klinginsmith said. “We are just going to maintain our current salary schedule, but pay additional, this year, one time, to the teachers that are below that.”
On average, Missouri’s new teachers are paid the second-lowest salaries in the nation, above only Montana's, according to a recent analysis from the National Education Association. Average pay for all teachers in Missouri is also in the bottom five of states.
The Missouri State Teachers Association is calling for sustainable investment in raising teacher salaries.
“Without increased investments by local and state stakeholders, we won’t see any movement upward from our last place standing for beginning teacher salaries,” said Bruce Moe, executive director of MSTA, in a statement. “In addition, we need to recognize and compensate our veteran educators.”
The state’s Department of Elementary and Secondary Education has also put together a commission to make recommendations on teacher recruitment and retention.
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