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Lawsuit Targets Residency Requirement For Missouri Medical Marijuana Licenses

Missouri requires all medical marijuana businesses to be majority owned by people who have been "citizens of the state" for at least a year prior to when the business applied to operate in the state.
File Photo / Eric Schmid
St. Louis Public Radio
Missouri requires all medical marijuana businesses to be majority owned by people who have been "citizens of the state" for at least a year prior to when the business applied to operate in the state.

A federal lawsuit filed last week seeks to strike down a Missouri requirement that medical marijuana licenses go to businesses owned by residents of the state.

A constitutional amendment approved by voters in 2018 that legalized medical marijuana requires facilities to be “majority owned by natural persons who have been citizens of the state of Missouri for at least one year prior to the application.”

Mark Toigo, a marijuana investor from Pennsylvania, is suing to overturn that requirement.

According to state records, Toigo is a minority owner in Organic Remedies MO Inc., which was awarded three dispensary licenses, one cultivation license, and one marijuana-infused product manufacturer license.

Toigo argues by enforcing the residency requirement, the state is discriminating against non-residents and violating the dormant commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution.

He filed his lawsuit on Friday against the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, as well as its director, Randall Williams, in the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri.

“The real effect of the residency requirement has been and will continue to be to stifle Missouri’s medical marijuana program by severely restricting the flow of investment into the state,” the lawsuit says. This will mean that Missouri’s medical marijuana businesses will not be able to access the capital necessary to build a vibrant, viable, and successful industry.”

A spokeswoman for the Department of Health and Senior Services declined comment.

Toigo’s lawsuit joins a spate of similar litigation around the country challenging similar restrictions on marijuana licenses. In Oklahoma, for example, a lawsuit filed earlier this year by a Washington-based company is challenging the state’s two-year residency requirement.

In Maine, a federal judge threw out a similar residency requirement earlier this year.

It’s little wonder, given how lucrative licenses to grow, sell and manufacture medical marijuana have become.

Toigo argues in his lawsuit that Missouri’s medical marijuana market is expected to reach retail sales of $175 million to $275 million a year. But because of the residency rules he is prohibited from investing more money into any Missouri company if it increases his ownership stakes above 49 percent.

The requirement, the lawsuit says, “limits Mr. Toigo’s economic opportunities in Missouri’s nascent marijuana industry.”

The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that as of Friday 17 medical marijuana dispensaries had opened in Missouri, along with 11 cultivation sites and one manufacturer of cannabis-infused products.

While businesses begin to come online, the rocky rollout of the medical marijuana program in Missouri continues to draw scrutiny.

A lawsuit in Cole County Circuit Court seeks to strike down a cap imposed by the state on the number of medical marijuana licenses awarded to businesses.

Meanwhile, more than 700 appeals of rejected licenses are still pending with the Administrative Hearing Commission.

And hovering in the background is an FBI inquiry that has involved at least one grand jury subpoena and a host of interviews with state lawmakers, lobbyists and those involved in the industry.

Missouri Independent is part of States Newsroom, a network of news outlets supported by grants and a coalition of donors as a 501c(3) public charity. Missouri Independent maintains editorial independence. Contact Editor Jason Hancock for questions: info@missouriindependent.com.

Jason Hancock has been writing about Missouri since 2011, most recently as lead political reporter for The Kansas City Star. He has spent nearly two decades covering politics and policy for news organizations across the Midwest, and has a track record of exposing government wrongdoing and holding elected officials accountable.

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