Saint Louis University professors Ken Warren, professor of political science, and Ness Sandoval, associate professor of sociology and anthropology, have been working diligently for the past several months to parse through data in a study about the different experiences St. Louis-area residents have had with municipal courts based on race and class.
“We hypothesized that blacks would receive their treatment in affluent and non-affluent communities as worse than whites,” Warren said. “One would say, you’d naturally expect that perception to bear out but we had to, as social scientists, really prove that.”
Warren and Sandoval interviewed 753 people throughout 12 communities in the St. Louis area about their experiences in municipal court and found that, yes, black people do perceive their experience at municipal courts worse than white people do.
“It doesn’t matter if you’re white or black, people think that communities are issuing tickets to collect revenue instead of promote public safety,” Warren said.
These issues of inequity aren’t just relegated to the city any more either, Sandoval said. “It is now being replicated in our suburban municipalities,” he continued.
The study looked at really affluent communities, with a median household income of over $111,000, such as Chesterfield, Clayton, Ladue and Town and Country. Then it looked at non-affluent communities, with median household income of $33,000, such as Ferguson, Berkley, Pagedale, Jennings, Normandy and, most startling of all, Pine Lawn. It was done in three parts, including collection of interviews and administrative data, to build relationships between them.
One of the most startling findings?
“Pine Lawn, a community of about 3,400 people, generated $1.6 million in fines for their community, an enormous percentage of their operating budget and another few-hundred-thousand in court fees,” Warren said. “Then you look at Chesterfield, a community of 47,000-plus people, that only generated about $1 million in fines.”
Listen to the full conversation here:
Want to learn more? Sandoval, Warren and others will be giving a workshop that examines the data in more detail at Saint Louis University’s Law School at 2 p.m. on Wednesday, Feb. 10. If you would like to attend, RSVP to Henry Ordower at firstname.lastname@example.org, to receive directions and more information.
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